Legal Education in India
Unlike other professional studies, the study of law doesn’t culminate in just one particular type of degree. Law colleges in India offer several types of law degree. Your choice of which degree to pursue will depend on your interests, career goals, and educational qualification. The three major categories of law degree programmes are integrated degree programmes, traditional degree programmes, and Master's programmes.
Integrated Law Degree Programmes
An integreaged law degree programme is appropriate for a candidate who has just completed high school (10+2). It integrates two different fields into one programme—law together with a subject like Business, Arts, Commerce, or Science. The curriculum consists of subjects from both fields. The subjects pertaining to Business, Arts, Commerce, and Science are taught until the third year of the course simultaneously with subjects pertaining to law. The remainder of the course is dedicated to specialized study of law.
The duration of integreted degree programmes is five or six years.
An advantage of these programmes is that they take one less year to complete as compared to obtaining a Bachelor's degree and then obtaining a traditional three-year law degree. Integrated law programmes also permit the candidate to study additional subjects of their interest.
B.B.A. + LL.B. Bachelor of Business Administration and Law
This degree is a combination of a Bachelor of Business Administration and Law. The curriculum consists of subjects like Economics, Accounts, Business Management, and Marketing along with subjects pertaining to law. Candidates interested in working in companies, corporate law firms, or starting up a new business may prefer this programme. The course duration is 5 years.
B.A. + LL.B. Bachelor of Arts and Law
The Bachelor of Arts and Law consists of subjects like Sociology, Political Science, and Psychology along with subjects pertaining to law. The course duration is 5 years.
B. Com + LL.B. Bachelor of Commerce and Law
The Bachelor of Commerce and Law is a combined degree for candidates interested in pursuing Chartered Accountancy, Company Secretary, or other certified professional courses along with their law degree. The curriculum consists of subjects like Auditing, Statistics, Business Communication, and Economics along with the subjects pertaining to law. The course duration is 5 years.
B. Sc + LL.B. Bachelor of Science and Law
Candidates who are interested in subjects like Chemistry, Biotechnology, and Digital Electronics along with subjects in the law can opt for a combined degree of Bachelor of Science and Law. The course duration is 5 years.
B.Tech + LL.B. Bachelor of Technology and Law
Several universities in India offer this degree, in which students study subjects pertaining to engineering and law in the same programme. Candidates who have cleared their 12th grade in the science stream are eligible for this programme. The course duration is 6 years.
LL.B. Bachelor of Law
This is the traditional law degree, pursued only after completion of a graduate degree in any field. The curriculum consists of different law courses like Criminal law, Constitutional law, Property Law, Law of Contracts, Law of Torts, and so on. The duration of this degree is 3 years.
Master of Laws LL.M.
The Master of Laws degree can be pursued by candidates who already possess a Bachelor’s degree in law (any of the above types). Lawyers who wish to specialize in a particular field of law or enter academia may choose to seek this degree. The specialized field may consist of international law, intellectual property law, corporate law, comparative constitutional law, or various other law fields. The duration of the course is one year or two years depending upon the university curriculum.